Competition Policy and Law Group
Through the Competition Policy and Law Group (CPLG), APEC, works to encourage market discipline, promote economic efficiency and eliminate distortions. The group promotes understanding of regional competition laws and policies, examines their impact on trade and investment flows, and identifies areas for technical cooperation and capacity building among member economies.
The CPLG, formerly known as Competition Policy and Deregulation Group, was established in 1996, when the Osaka Action Agenda (OAA) work programs on competition policy and deregulation were combined. In 1999, APEC Ministers endorsed the APEC Principles to Enhance Competition and Regulatory Reform and approved a road map which established the basis for subsequent work on strengthening markets in the region. In 2008, members agreed to change the name of the group to the Competition Policy and Law Group to reflect the fact the regulatory aspects of competition are now being discussed within the framework of the Economic Committee (EC).
The CPLG meets annually. It is responsible for practical aspects of competition law and enforcement to develop and enhance competition law and policy in APEC member economies. The group’s activities include:
- Exchanging information through a regional database
- Sharing new developments in terms of the law, the comparative aspects of competition law, the role of the courts, the degree of autonomy granted to competition authorities, better methods to improve the success of monitoring and the enforcement of the law, and appropriate remedies
- Understanding and analyzing the legal and regulatory issues from the members involved
- Sharing experiences and expertise on activities relevant to the implementation of competition policies, using international instruments, to develop good practice
- Identifying areas for capacity building and technical cooperation on the implementation of best practices in competition policies
- Conducting outreach and public relations for the benefit of APEC stakeholders
Last page update: September 2021
The CPLG held its most recent, and first virtual meeting 25 March 2021, hosted virtually by New Zealand. Member economies updated each other about developments in their respective competition policies and laws, including recent cases. Members also discussed implications of competition policy and law for structural reform and governance.
The CPLG recently hosted a New Zealand workshop on competition law and regulation in digital markets on 7 and 9 September 2021. The event helped develop a better understanding of the interplay between competition law, consumer protection, privacy and personal data protection when considering issues arising in digital platforms and markets. It also helped increase understanding of how the COVID-19 pandemic has affected the digital economy, the economic opportunities presented for growth, and the challenges for competition and regulatory agencies.
One of the main goals for the CPLG is to support the Economic Committee to enact the instruction from the Structural Reform Ministerial Meeting (September 2015 in Cebu, Philippines) to “encourage member economies to undertake a self-assessment of barriers to competition, including a review of current competition laws and policies.” A major step in this direction is the CPLG’s successful work with the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) on the development of the APEC-OECD Framework on Competition Assessments.
Progress continues on the online Competition Policy and Law Database, which has received positive responses and acceptance by the international community. Chinese Taipei reports an increased number of visitors to the database.