Food security has become an increasing concern among many APEC economies due to rising food prices and periods of price volatility. APEC economies face challenges related to the supply and demand for food. APEC members recognize that in the absence of any policy intervention, the cost of food could rise substantially due to increasing demand and reduced production.
In response, acknowledging the importance of the private sector in the food sector and their role in food security, the APEC Policy Partnership on Food Security (PPFS) was established in 2011 to strengthen public-private cooperation to address food security issues in the region. The PPFS focuses on promoting public-private partnerships and investments to ensure greater resilience in the food systems and ABAC’s recommendations for a whole-of-system approach for food production.
The ministers of APEC economies responsible for agriculture and food met for the first time in Niigata, Japan, in 2010 and issued the Niigata Declaration on APEC Food Security—the first comprehensive APEC plan for promoting regional food security.
Subsequent APEC ministerial meetings on food security were held biennially in Kazan, Russia (2012), Beijing, China (2014), and Piura, Peru (2016), which led to the Kazan Declaration, the Beijing Declaration and the Piura Declaration, which outline APEC’s new plans for tackling food security.
In 2021, with the forum gaining a new mandate to continue its contribution to Food Security until 2025, and in line with the APEC Putrajaya Vision 2040 (the successor of the Bogor Goals from 1994) of “an open, dynamic, resilient and peaceful Asia-Pacific community by 2040, PPFS along with the APEC Food Security Ministers Agriculture and food ministers jointly developed a Food Security Roadmap Towards 2030 (Roadmap 2030) and endorsed it at the Ministerial Meeting on Food Security in August.
The Food Security Roadmap 2030 is aimed at enhancing an open, fair, transparent, productive, sustainable and resilient APEC food system that ensures access to sufficient, safe, affordable, and nutritious food to meet the dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life. The Roadmap 2030 has 6 key action areas: digitalization and innovation, productivity, inclusivity, sustainability, public-private partnership and SMART goals.
This year, the PPFS will pursue meaningful dialogues with the public and private sector to ensure development of an Implementation Plan of the Food Security Roadmap 2030, which utilizes a whole-of-systems approach for food security across the region and agri-food value chains, while recognizing the importance of digitalization and innovation, productivity, inclusivity, and sustainability towards this goal in line with APEC’s Putrajaya Vision 2040 and the Aotearoa Plan of Action.
In the APEC Putrajaya Vision 2040, APEC Leaders committed to building “an open, dynamic, resilient and peaceful Asia-Pacific Community by 2040.” The implementation plan of the APEC Putrajaya Vision 2040, the Aotearoa Plan of Action, stated that “APEC fora and sub-fora will make provision for implementing the APEC Putrajaya Vision 2040 in their work plans and strategic plans.” Specifically, in relation to food security, the Aotearoa Plan of Action emphasized the need for collective actions undertaken by economies to ensure lasting food security, food safety and improved nutrition for all, as well as reducing food waste and loss in the region by promoting agricultural food trade, agricultural sustainability and innovation, and implementing the Food Security Roadmap Towards 2030.
This year the PPFS, under the chairing of Thailand, will work on developing the implementation plan of the Food Security Roadmap Towards 2030. There have already been APEC economy projects and initiatives since last year that contribute to the implementation plan of the Roadmap 2030.
Furthermore, in their report to APEC Economic Leaders, ABAC called on APEC to support the implementation of a whole-of-system approach to food security and to ensure the role of the private sector is expanded and enabled in APEC in relation to food security, including the APEC Policy Partnership on Food Security.
|14-15 Feb 2022||1st PPFS Plenary Meeting|
|16 Feb 2022||Joint Meeting of PPFS and OFWG|
|Prior to PPFS Webinar in March||Discussion with PPFS members (Voluntary) via online meeting or Email|
|March 2022||The PPFS Webinar on sharing best practices and proposed actions for the Implementation Plan of Food Security Roadmap Towards 2030|
|May – June 2022||- Hold a discussion of small working groups (representative from PPFS, OFWG, ATCWG and HLPDAB) of economies volunteering to lead key action areas in the implementation plan of the Roadmap 2030.|
- Circulate the written draft to all economies (PPFS, OFWG, ATCWG and HLPDAB) for comments.
|August 2022||2nd PPFS Plenary Meeting|
|August 2022||Joint Meeting of PPFS, OFWG, ATCWG and HLPDAB|
|August 2022||The Food Security Ministerial Meeting|
PPFS Deliverables for 2022
1. The implementation plan of the Food Security Roadmap Towards 2030
In 2022, Thailand will lead the development of the implementation plan of the Food Security Roadmap Towards 2030. This implementation plan will be an important document that will lay out activities on a timeframe, with target outcomes for each action. This document will set the individual and collective actions towards achieving food security in APEC region, along with a method to evaluate progress.
As stated in the Food Security Roadmap Towards 2030, some actions will need to be worked on earlier than others, such as in Para 8(a)’s review of existing APEC fora and sub-fora work on digital issues and the identification of areas that need to be prioritized for further work on interoperability; Para 8(e), on information-sharing via the APIP database; Para 14(d), assessment of existing barriers to financial inclusion; and Para 17(e), a review of progress on public-private investment in infrastructure and cold chain to reduce the current level of food loss and waste.
The Food Security Roadmap Towards 2030 also acknowledges the need for meaningful partnership with ABAC and other private sector representatives. Therefore, a review of the functioning Terms of Reference of the PPFS are also included in the implementation plan.
Thailand understands food security cannot be achieved without the participation of all relevant stakeholders as well as other related APEC for a, such as the Agricultural Technical Cooperation Working Group (ATCWG), the High-Level Policy Dialogue on Agricultural Biotechnology (HLPDAB), and the Ocean and Fisheries Working Group (OFWG), etc.
2. The Declaration on APEC Food Security
It is undeniable that the COVID-19 pandemic has caused adverse effects to food security globally and the region. As APEC host 2022, Thailand will organize the APEC Food Security Ministerial Meeting in August 2022. The ministerial meeting marks the strong intention of APEC economies to work on the implementation plan of the Roadmap 2030 to achieve food security in the APEC Region.