The transportation sector emits one-fifth of global carbon dioxide emissions, contributing significantly to global warming and climate change. Proven and effective policy interventions are needed to ensure a low-emission and sustainable future for land, air and sea transportation. This policy brief outlines the main policy interventions that can contribute to realizing low-emission transport systems in a timely, feasible and inclusive manner to address climate change challenges. It condenses empirical findings and key policy recommendations for the land, aviation and maritime transportation sectors. It concludes with a discussion on the need to ensure a just transition to a low-emission transport future.