This 2019 APEC Economic Policy Report represents the continued collaboration between APEC Economic Committee (EC) and the Finance Ministers’ Process (FMP). The report aims to contribute to some of the key focus areas of the APEC Internet and Digital Economy Roadmap, and lays the foundation for APEC’s future digital economy work. It highlights key concepts, opportunities and challenges, including the need to accurately measure the digital economy. The main section outlines ways to apply core market-enhancing structural reforms to the digital economy, with specific reference to the financial and other sectors. The third section describes holistic policy approaches, including ways to harness structural reforms alongside supporting policies to promote greater inclusion with respect to the digital economy.