Human Resources Development
The goal of human resources development in APEC is to promote the well-being of all people and achieve sustainable and inclusive economic growth in the region.
The Human Resources Development Working Group (HRDWG) was established in 1990. It plays an important role in building the region’s human capacity. It implements initiatives on education, labor and capacity building in aid of its mission to share knowledge, experience and skills to strengthen human resource development across the region to promote sustainable economic growth.
The working group is guided by these three objectives:
- Develop 21st century knowledge and skills for all
- Integrate human resources development into the global economy
- Address the social dimensions of globalization
To accomplish these objectives, the HRDWG conducts its work program through three networks:
- The Capacity Building Network (CBN), which focuses on skills development, human resource management and vocational training through crosscutting collaboration to facilitate 21st century talents, enhance employability and provide quality employment.
- The Education Network (EDNET), which focuses on fostering strong and vibrant learning systems across APEC member economies, promoting quality and equitable education to enable people of all ages to meet the challenges of rapid change in today’s world through enhancing competencies, accelerating innovation and increasing employability. For more details, please refer to the EDNET webpage available here.
- The Labour and Social Protection Network (LSPN), which focuses on fostering strong and flexible labor markets and strengthening social protection, including social safety nets, through evidence-based interventions, collaboration, technical co-operation and the provision of labor market and social protection information and analysis to address sustainable human resource development across APEC member economies.
The 44th meeting of the HRDWG took place in Viña del Mar, Valparaiso, Chile, on 4–6 May 2019. During this meeting, the group endorsed an addendum to the HRDWG’s terms of reference that establishes a coordinating mechanism on disability issues, and sets out how it will work in practice. An advisor to the HRDWG Lead Shepherd on disability issues was tasked with facilitating the operation of the coordinating mechanism.
Last page update: September 2019
Key achievements and areas of focus:
- Implementing the APEC Education Strategy, endorsed by the 6th APEC Education Ministerial Meeting in 2016, which sets the framework for guiding future projects and collaborative initiatives for the benefit of the region, based on the following three pillars:
- Enhancing and aligning competencies to the needs of individuals, societies and economies
- Accelerating innovation
- Increasing employability.
- The development and implementation of the APEC Framework on Human Resources Development in the Digital Age, which was endorsed at the High-Level Policy Dialogue on Human Resources Development in the Digital Age held in May 2017 in Viet Nam. The Framework provides a platform for strengthening human resources development in the region, increasing worker preparedness for the digital age, and ensuring that labor market policies match the changing needs of the region’s labor market.
- The implementation of the APEC Economic Policy Report for 2017 (AEPR) on Structural Reform and Human Capital Development, which was released by APEC in November 2017—the first time an AEPR has focused specifically on human capital development. This report contains a number of specific policy recommendations that HRDWG is currently working to implement in collaboration with the Economic Committee.
- Advancing the APEC Services Competitiveness Roadmap (ASCR) Implementation Plan 2016–2025 to facilitate the mobility of skilled labor and professionals, and to ensure the quality of skills and competencies that meet the supply chain demands of the region.
HRDWG’s project work
In support of these core areas of focus, the HRDWG’s three networks have a number of active APEC projects currently underway related to labor mobility, qualifications recognition, digital literacy, global competencies and youth employment, the details of which are accessible here.
The HRDWG’s lead shepherd serves as the working group’s chair and each network has one coordinator.
The current coordinator chairs for the networks are:
- Capacity Building Network Coordinator: Mr Che-Shang Huang (Chinese Taipei) Contact: [email protected]
- Education Network Coordinator: Dr Wang Yan (China) Contact: [email protected] and [email protected]
- Labour and Social Protection Network Coordinator: Dr. Zaki Zakaria (Malaysia). Contact: [email protected] and deputy coordinator is Ms. Wan Maisarah Binti Md. Isa ([email protected]) (Malaysia).
- Advisor to the HRDWG Lead Shepherd on Disability Issues: Mr You Liang (China) Contact: [email protected] and [email protected]
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- 2017 APEC Economic Policy Report on Structural Reform and Human Capital Development
- APEC Framework on Human Resources Development in the Digital Age
- HRDWG Publications
- A Human Resources Development Framework for Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation, Jakarta, 1994
- Osaka Action Agenda and Action Program for Human Resources Development, Osaka, 1995
- Declaration on an Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Framework for Strengthening Economic and Development, Manila, 1996