Over 96 percent of the world’s manufacturing supply chains--from automotive to aircraft, from electronics to agriculture, from apparel to medicine—depend on access to innovative and effective chemical inputs. Chemistry is vital to the creation of ground-breaking products that make our lives and planet healthier, safer and more sustainable. Trade acts as the conduit that enables the innovative products of chemistry to reach the economies and businesses that need them most.
In the 2000 APEC Ministerial Meeting in Brunei, ministers welcomed an initiative to establish the Chemical Dialogue, comprising of government and industry representatives to foster cooperation and take actions to help member economies achieve high standards of protection for human health and safety and the environment, foster greater innovation, and prevent barriers to trade.
The Chemical Dialogue (CD) serves as a forum for regulatory officials and industry representatives to find solutions to challenges facing the chemical industry in the Asia-Pacific region. It reflects APEC members' recognition of the importance of engaging with the private sector and of building public-private dialogue and cooperation for the benefit of both sectors.
The CD focuses on chemical-sector liberalization and chemical trade facilitation by improving regulatory policies and practices. It seeks workable programs which ensure that regulatory, safety and environmental goals can be implemented by both governments and businesses.
The CD’s primary goals are articulated in its Strategic Framework, which was initially endorsed by APEC Ministers in 2011, and has been subsequently updated in 2016 and 2020.
The CD’s current strategic framework for 2020-2023 is organized around the following three revised shared goals:
- To facilitate trade and raise the standard of sound management of chemicals by expanding and supporting regulatory cooperation and regulatory alignment in the region.
- To promote understanding of the chemical industry’s role as a provider of innovative solutions for sustainable economic, environmental and social development.
- To enable effective cooperation between industry and governments to improve chemical product stewardship and safe use.
The CD has maintained a focus on regulatory cooperation and the application of good regulatory practices throughout its tenure, developing in 2008 a set of Principles for Best Practice in Chemical Regulation and subsequently in 2016 a Best Practice Principles Checklist for Chemicals Regulation to help economies apply those principles during the regulatory review and rule-making process. The CD will continue to advance the following topics in 2021:
- Preventing barriers to trade in chemicals through regulatory cooperation
- Facilitating the flow of critical inputs for essential goods to combat COVID-19 such as personal protective equipment, medical equipment, cleaning, and disinfecting supplies
- Aligning implementation of the UN Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS)
- Addressing emerging issues such as marine debris and waste management of plastic
- Building capacity on risk assessment for chemical substances
Last page update: December 2020
The Chemical Dialogue (CD) continues to discuss ways to contribute to APEC's overarching goals of trade liberalization and business facilitation.
The CD program focuses on the challenges imposed by different approaches to regulation, including the difficulty in balancing the protection of trade secrets and confidential information with the need for transparency, facilitating data exchange and the varying regulatory approaches to the treatment of chemicals.
The CD also continues to put emphasis on the integration of its work with the international chemicals agenda.
Due to the global impact of the COVID-19 pandemic, the CD Plenary Meeting convened for the first time online on 5–6 November 2020. Discussions focused on updating the CD’s Strategic Framework; regulatory cooperation activities and the CD’s recently developed Regulatory Cooperation Report; as well as updates on ongoing activities and successes from CD virtual working groups and member economies.
The CD continues its partnership with the Oceans and Fisheries Working Group (OFWG) to promote innovative solutions to marine debris. During CD25, the Virtual Working Group on Marine Debris provided an overview of the 2020 webinar series developed in collaboration with the OFWG, which focused on innovative funding models and innovative technologies for land-based waste management in the APEC region. The CD also noted the Working Group’s website as a good resource to find all marine debris related activity in APEC.
Risk Assessment Workshop
During CD25, the CD’s Virtual Working Group on Regulatory Cooperation and Convergence (VWGRCC) announced the implementation of the CD Risk Challenge Virtual Workshop, “Facilitating Trade by Improving Risk Assessment Capacity,” which will take place in February 2021. The workshop aims to promote understanding of assessing risk in resource-limited settings using actual examples.
Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals
The Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (or GHS) is an internationally agreed-upon system created by the United Nations. It is designed to replace the various classification and labelling standards used in different economies by using consistent criteria for classification and labelling on a global level.
During CD25 it was noted that the 2020 GHS questionnaire was endorsed and responses from APEC economies indicate more collaboration and alignment is required across the region. The CD seeks a request from APEC Ministers that officials promote consistency of GHS implementation by encouraging economies to:
- Consider whether aligning GHS revision implementation timeframes is important to achieve convergence
- Consider how GHS impacts on risk management controls in each economy and consider whether some lower hazard building blocks are necessary for best practice risk management
- Consider allowing flexibility for classification for building blocks where subcategorization options exist in GHS
- Consider the best use of resources by taking stock of work already occurring in other fora and identify areas of further work that may be useful in quantifiably achieving the two stated aims of implementing GHS—increased worker protection and ease of trade across borders
Clearinghouse Website for GHS Labelling
Responding to the needs of the chemical industry, the CD created a website in 2010 that collects and provides GHS-standardized labelling elements in local languages: the website is called the GHS Reference Exchange and Tool, or G.R.E.A.T., and it is managed by Chinese Taipei.
Authorities and stakeholders in the chemical industry can find translations of labelling terms for hazard communication and international trade purposes. Industry stakeholders and interested users will also be able to search for elements on the website and prepare their own labelling in different local languages.
As of November 2020, the GHS labelling elements on the website were provided in 37 languages, including languages from 11 member economies—including Australia, Chile, China, Indonesia, Japan, the Republic of Korea, Malaysia, the Philippines, Russia, Thailand and Chinese Taipei—and in 26 languages from EU members. As of October 2020, the website has received over 250,000 visits, predominately for viewing the labelling elements in different languages.
Virtual Working Group on Regulatory Convergence and Cooperation
In May 2012, at the Chemical Dialogue meeting in Kazan, Russia, members agreed to establish a Virtual Working Group (VWG) on Regulatory Convergence and Cooperation. The main aim of the VWG is to examine how the work of the CD could contribute to the broader APEC agenda for regulatory cooperation.
During CD25, the VWG provided an update on activities, including the 2021 goals of delivering the expected outcomes of the APEC CD project on "Facilitating Trade by Improving Risk Assessment Capacity" and developing a:
- A Risk Assessment “Toolbox”
- APEC Guidelines for Risk Assessment in the Chemical Industry
- A Compendium of Risk Assessment/Management Resources
Additionally, during CD25 the Report on Regulatory Cooperation was tabled and endorsed after final edits from CD members. The best practices highlighted in the Report will become the foundation for a toolkit that will be developed in 2021.
Chemical Dialogue Regulator’s Forum
Due to COVID-19, APEC member economies provided brief regulatory updates during CD25. The CD encouraged economies to consider nominating a Regulator’s Forum Chair to push work forward, including developing an action plan and building up participation in the Forum.
Collaboration in Chemical Industry Essential to COVID-19 Response and Recovery
APEC Chemical Dialogue Strengthens Trade through Cooperation
APEC Regulatory Solution Enhances Chemical Safety, Trade
Better regulations for safer, more robust trade in chemicals
APEC Economies Seek to Facilitate Trade and Reduce Cost of Chemicals
EU Chemical Legislation Deemed Harmful to Developing Economies and Small Business
APEC Members Express Concern with Proposed European Chemical Legislation
This project comprises a workshop and technical webinars.
The CD has been active in promoting implementation of the United Nation's Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) by APEC member economies. The GHS is a set of guidelines aimed at simplifying regulations and labelling requirements, as well as improving safety and environmental protection. Over the years the CD has conducted numerous workshops to provide economies with information on the GHS and to build capacity to facilitate its adoption.
The 25rd Meeting of the Chemical Dialogue Meeting (Final Report)(57.8 KB, DOCX)
Report to Ministers on Implementation Convergence of the Globally Harmonized System for the Classification and Labelling of Chemicals in APEC Economies - Executive Summary(318.68 KB, pdf)
APEC Chemical Dialogue: Strategic Framework for Chemicals in the Asia-Pacific Region 2020-2023(36.94 KB, DOCX)
APEC Chemical Dialogue: Regulatory Cooperation Report - 2020(47.01 KB, docx)
The 23rd Meeting of the Chemical Dialogue Meeting (Final Report)(58.28 KB, DOCX)
The 22nd Meeting of the Chemical Dialogue Meeting (Final Report)(58.29 KB, docx)
APEC Webinar on RIA(193.46 KB, docx)
Twenty-First Meeting of the APEC Chemical Dialogue Final Report - 2018
Twentieth Meeting of the APEC Chemical Dialogue Final Report - 2018
Chemical Dialogue Terms of Reference (2018)(25.47 KB, DOCX)
Summary Report on the APEC Workshop on Metals Risk Assessment. Cebu, Philippines on 28–29th August 2015
APEC Webinar 1 - Soil Bioavailability - McLaughlin Presentation
APEC Webinar 1 - Soil Bioavailability Outline
APEC Webinar 2 - Aquatic Bioavailability - Merrington Presentation
APEC Webinar 2 - Aquatic Bioavailability Outline
APEC Webinar 3 - Bioavailability Tools for Human Health
APEC Webinar 3 - Human Health Bioavailability - Lowney Presentation
APEC Best Practice in Chemical Regulation Checklist
7th Progress Report on the Implementation of GHS in APEC Economies
8th Progress Report on the Implementation of GHS in APEC Economies
Mr Kent C. SHIGETOMI
Director for Multilateral Non-Tariff Barriers, Office of the United States Trade Representative
Mr Sergio BARRIENTOS H.
Chilean Association of Chemical Industries
Mr Johnny LIN