APEC encourages market discipline, works to help eliminate distortions, as well as promote economic efficiency through the Competition Policy and Law Group (CPLG) The group is working to promote understanding of regional competition laws and policies, examine their impacts on trade and investment flows, and identify areas for technical cooperation and capacity building among member economies.
The CPLG, formerly known as Competition Policy and Deregulation Group, was established in 1996, when the Osaka Action Agenda (OAA) work programmes on competition policy and deregulation were combined. In 1999, APEC Ministers endorsed the APEC Principles to Enhance Competition and Regulatory Reform and approved a "road map" which established the basis for subsequent work on strengthening markets in the region. In 2008, members agreed to change the name of the group to the Competition Policy and Law Group to reflect the fact the regulatory aspects of competition are now being discussed within the framework of the Economic Committee (EC).
The CPLG meet annually, the recent one held in February 2016 in Lima, Peru. At CPLG meetings, member economies update other members on their respective competition policies and laws, including recent cases. Challenges to competition policy and competition advocacy efforts are also discussed.
Members’ Dialogue on Competition Advocacy are also held as venue to exchange views on topics related to institutions, objectives and priorities; challenges and obstacles and strategies to effective competition advocacy; use of tools developed by international organizations; and assessment of the effectiveness of competition advocacy efforts.
The CPLG is responsible for practical aspects of competition law and enforcement to develop and enhance competition law and policy in APEC member economies. The group’s activities include:
- Exchange information through a regional database.
- Share new developments in the law, comparative aspects of competition law, the role of the courts, the degree of autonomy granted to competition authorities, better methods to improve success of monitoring and enforcement of the law and appropriate remedies.
- Understanding and analyze the legal and regulatory issues from the members involved.
- Share experiences and expertise on activities relevant to the implementation of Competition Policies with international instruments to develop good practice.
- Identify areas for capacity building and technical cooperation on the implementation of best practices in Competition Policies.
- Conduct outreach and public relations to APEC stakeholders on the achievements of the group as and when appropriate.
One of the main goals for the CPLG for 2016 is to support the Economic Committee to enact the instruction from the Structural Reform Ministerial Meeting (September 2015) in Cebu, Philippines) to “encourage member economies to undertake a self-assessment of barriers to competition, including a review of current competition laws and policies”. It was agreed in Lima that the EC and CPLG Chairs will consult on options for self-assessment for inter-sessional presentation to the Committee in March. The Committee will consider these options for integration into RAASR IAPs. Such options could include using the self-assessment tool, engaging an international organization (e.g. the OECD, the World Bank) to assist, conducting sectoral reviews or including competition policy considerations under Regulatory Impact Analysis (RIA).
Other important developments of the CPLG meeting in Lima are the following:
- APEC economies noted the importance of the leniency program, disruptive innovation, bid rigging, the work of elimination of bureaucratic barriers;
- A seminar on investigative powers of competition authorities was endorsed and will be held in the margins of SOM 1 in 2017.
- The World Bank presented a method in order to identify barriers that affect competition in the market.
- The OECD made a presentation about the OECD Competition Assessment Toolkit. The presentation highlighted the challenges of restrictive government regulations for economic growth as well as the benefits of removing such regulations.
Progress Reports on CPLG Projects in 2015
Russian Federation reported on the realization of the CPLG project on Competition Policy and Law
On 13-15 October, 2015 the FAS Russia within the CPLG organized in Kazan "The 2nd APEC Regional Seminar of ANSSR Initiatives against Anti-Competitive Practices for Ensuring Functioning of Open, Transparent and Competitive Markets."
Workshop on promoting competition international best practices
On February 24-25 2016, CPLG Delegates from 11 economies participated in a workshop conducted a review of the International Competition Network’s Guidance on Investigative Process and efforts by the competition authorities of APEC jurisdictions to implement such processes and practices.
Chinese Taipei reported on progress of the Law Database, which has received positive responses and acceptance by international community having an increased number of visitors to the database captured.
Jesús Espinoza (Mr)
Defense of the Free Competition Commission
Peruvian Competition Agency (INDECOPI)
Toshiko Igarashi (Ms)
Senior Planning Officer
International Affairs Division
Japan Fair Trade Commission
Alex Rogers (Mr)