The 38th meeting of TPTWG was hosted by Indonesia in July 2013. The TPTWG is expected to play active part in the Supply Chain Framework proposed by APEC Senior Officials in 2013. This initiative is to act as the comprehensive framework for developing a resilient, effective and safe supply chain system in the Asia-Pacific.
The 8th APEC Transportation Ministers’ Meeting was hosted in Tokyo, Japan, on 4-6 September 2013. The meeting focused on promotion of infrastructure development and investment. This is related to member economies’ work towards a 10 percent improvement in supply chain performance by 2015 by reducing the time, cost and uncertainty of moving goods throughout the region. Ministers discussed measures to make this goal more achievable by facilitating improvements to transportation services. Some focus areas include navigation, maritime issues, logistics, intercity and urban transport, intelligent transportation systems and intermodal networks. (See the Ministerial Joint Statement)
Overview of current projects in implementation:
Airport Safety Evaluation Visit Program
The second (2nd) Airport Safety Evaluation Visit Program (ASEVP) is assisting two additional APEC economies to effectively implement all airport safety requirements in accordance with ICAO Annex 14 Vol 1 – Aerodromes. The project is focused on finding cost effective solutions to build up safety capacity at airports, and introduce the Runway Safety Action Team (RSAT) concept as the best practice for identifying, mitigating, and continuous monitoring of runway safety risks on airport grounds. A team of 3-4 airport safety experts from experienced APEC economies visited two medium sized regional airport per host economy to meet project goals. The first project handled site visits to Vietnam and Indonesia. This second project cycle completed one week visit to Malaysia and will schedule a visit to the Philippines’ mid-tier airport. The team of experts developed an evaluation and recommendations on the mid-tier airports’ safety. Airports will report back on safety progress within six months of visit.
Promoting Public-Private Partnership (PPP) to Develop Dry Ports and Logistics Parks in Order to Enhance APEC's Supply Chain Connectivity
Development and improvement of logistics infrastructure, such as dry ports and logistics parks, is a major component of APEC’s supply chain connectivity agenda. While the development of dry ports is recognized as a means of integrating regional transport networks, the establishment of logistics parks is seen as an instrument for enhancing supply chain connectivity via expanding and modernising an economy through the attraction of foreign direct investment, technology transfer, and employment generation and access to better logistical services. The project focuses on reviewing the current state and opportunities/barriers for public-private partnership investment in dry ports and logistics parks and establishing key common features for a framework to encourage collaboration between government agencies and private industries. Recommendations report and follow-up programmes for introducing public-private partnerships for dry ports and logistics parks development will be implemented in selected APEC economies.
Cooperation Program of Clean Energy Shipping with LNG Fuelled Ship
Compared to traditional ships’ bunkers, SOx and particulate matters emissions can be eliminated while NOx and CO2 emissions will be lowered by 90% and 20% respectively by using liquefied natural gas (LNG) as a fuel. LNG-fuelled ships are believed to be one of the best potential solutions for the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions and air pollution. The objective of this project is to support the basic strategies by sharing the status of new technologies for LNG-fuelled ships and strengthen cooperation among APEC economies regarding Green-shipping and Green-ports by encouraging development of LNG-fuelled ships.
Carbon Footprint Proposal (Phase I) - Developing a Common Methodology for Ocean-Going Vessels
The joint Transportation and Energy Working group project aims to improve energy efficiency of the marine transportation segment of Asia-Pacific supply chains. The project is focused on the development of a supplementary policy tool and methodology to measure carbon emissions and energy intensity of ocean-going vessels (OGVs), building capacity for policy makers and industry stakeholders to improve decision-making on energy efficiency issues, and advancing APEC’s 45% energy intensity reduction goal. The methodology will align with the current International Maritime Organization (IMO) work on vessels’ energy efficiency. The project will engage a contractor to develop a methodology for allocation of emissions by ship, per cargo types on a pilot trans-Pacific route, based on 12 months data, organize 2 workshops engaging APEC economies’ policy makers and shipping industry stakeholders; and draft progress and final reports to the TPTWG/ EWG. The methodology can be applicable on any marine transportation routes.
The TPTWG became a part of the Travel Facilitation Initiative and works in close coordination with other APEC working groups, including the Energy Working Group, the Business Mobility Group, the Sub-Committee on Customs Procedures and others.
The TPTWG has successfully implemented a significant number of projects including:
Transport, Energy and Environmental Benefits of Intermodal Freight Strategies (2010)
The project assessed the energy, transport and environmental benefits of intermodal freight strategies to assist APEC economies in shifting from energy-intensive transport modes like trucks to energy-economising modes like rail, barges and ships. The project conducted comparative case studies of benefits from developed and developing economies, with particular findings on capacity building in intermodal transport for developing economies which are planning major infrastructure expansion. This project benefited energy consumers, and stakeholders in the logistics supply chain trade in all APEC economies. By building understanding of how intermodal freight strategies can reduce the time and fuel required for freight shipments from one place to another, the project encouraged wider application of such strategies, as well as investment in rail and port facilities to facilitate the transfer of freight from trucks to other modes. Through an outreach seminar, the project helped build capacity in developed and developing APEC economies to put such strategies in place.
Security Monitoring Model and Network for Regional Supply Chain with a particular focus on food security (2010)
Based on the industry’s requirements for a higher security level of regional supply chains, this project assessed the feasibility to establish a network among APEC economies to monitor supply chain security for transport of containers, with a particular focus on food containers. Through conducting an environmental scan of regulatory requirements and practices of monitoring food supply chain security among the APEC economies and a case study for monitoring food supply chain security between China and Canada, the project developed feasible recommendations for establishing a region-wide monitoring network for food supply chain security among APEC economies.
International Ship and Port Facility Security (ISPS) Code Implementation Assistance Program (ICIAP) (2012)
This project further advanced previous projects to support the on-going activities of MEG-SEC’s International Ship and Port Facility Security (ISPS) Code Implementation Assistance Program (ICIAP) which aims to assist APEC Economies develop the capacity required to effectively implement the ISPS Code by imparting a transfer of knowledge, lessons learned, and best practices related to the implementation of the ISPS Code by subject matter experts located within APEC Economies. The Self-Assessment Trainer Workshop (SATW) and Port Security Risk Assessment (PSRAT) workshops have been demonstrated to improve the capacity of APEC Economies in implementing the ISPS Code utilizing specific project outputs and methodology tailored specifically to APEC economies with a focus on developing economies by targeting government and port managers who are in a position to directly implement the results of the PSRAT and SATW Workshops.
International Ship and Port Facility Security (ISPS) Code Port Security Visit Program (PSVP) (2010)
This project supported the on-going activities of the Maritime Security Sub-Group’s International Ship and Port Facility Security (ISPS) Code Implementation Assistance Program (ICIAP). The ICIAP assists APEC economies develop the capacity required to effectively implement the ISPS Code. The project assisted member economies in identifying their strengths and weaknesses in implementing the port security requirements specified in the International Ship and Port Facility Security (ISPS) Code. Regional experts from APEC economies visited ports on a project basis to assist with transfer of knowledge, lessons learned and best practices.
The Last-Mile of Supply Chain – Third Party Logistics Forum and Technical Visits (2011)
More efficient and environment-friendly logistics system enhances physical connectivity “across the border," and while a 10% efficiency gain in supply-chain connectivity would lift APEC's real GDP by US$21 billion per year and generate thousands of jobs. Therefore, gaining experiences and solving problems within local Third-Party Logistics (3PL) service providers facilitates a seamless flow of goods, services, and people throughout the Asia-Pacific. The project helped address problems within local 3PL service providers such as lack of efficiency as well as lack of infrastructure. The project, along with technical visits, provided opportunities for member economies to understand how to formulate best practices within their economies, and the technical visits provided in-depth understanding about how third-party logistics companies can transform from traditional shipping businesses to a more diversified and customized operation model to help strengthen the service efficiency and elevate performance in the last mile of global supply chain system.
Sharing Best Practices for Seamless Intermodal Cargo Movement
The project aimed at increasing the productivity of supply chains through the improvement of intermodal infrastructure connectivity. It specifically addressed Chokepoint 2 under the APEC Supply Chain Connectivity framework and its Action Plan in relation to inefficient or inadequate transport infrastructure and lack of cross-border physical linkages, and also Chokepoint 6 - underdeveloped multimodal transport capabilities; inefficient air, land, and multimodal connectivity. Phase 1 of the project focused on identification of best practices in physical infrastructure development and intermodal connectivity in APEC region.
Study to Develop a Green Port Evaluation Index (2011)
This project helped develop a Green Port Evaluation Index to help contribute to sustainable port development and construction. This index is an innovative approach to balancing environmental challenges and economic demands that will provide clear and systematic guidance for Green Port programs in the APEC region, particularly for developing Member Economies. The project considered indexes in six key areas: environment, ecology, resource, energy, socio-economy and complex ecosystem. Main activities of this project included a) investigating best practices of Green Port Programmes in the world, particularly in the APEC region; b) identifying main attributes and indexes of Green Port; c) evaluating each index and developing the evaluation mode in consultation with officials, experts, practitioners, and all the other stakeholders.
The 8th Transportation Ministerial Meeting was held in Tokyo, Japan in September 2013. The transport ministers agreed that strong engagement and cross-fora collaboration is needed to ensure that transportation in the APEC region is safe, secure, convenient, efficient, and sustainable. The TPTWG was instructed to continue its efforts with respect to the implementation of the objectives set out at the Special Transport Ministers’ Meeting (STMM), TMM7, and previous Ministerial meetings. The TMM9 is to be hosted by the Philippines in 2015 and will further work toward the advancement of the transportation sector in the APEC region.