The Fourth Policy Partnership on Science, Technology and Innovation (PPSTI 4) was held in Beijing, China from 17-19 September 2014 and the Third Policy Partnership on Science, Technology and Innovation (PPSTI 3) was held in Changzhou, China from 9 – 11 April 2014.
The highlights of PPSTI 3 and PPSTI 4 are outlined below.
Annual Work Plan and PPSTI’s Strategic Plan (2014-2015) The 2014 PPSTI work plan reiterated its vision to develop policies and connect different sectors to drive innovative growth. Based on its strategic plan, PPSTI conducts its work through three subgroups: capacity, connectivity, and innovation.
Highlights of Selected Initiatives
White Paper on Internet of Vehicles
The White Paper on Internet of Vehicles, endorsed at PPSTI 4, outlines a development strategy for promoting the Internet of Vehicles (IoV) in the region. The Internet of Vehicles is an integrated network for supporting intelligent traffic management, intelligent dynamic information service, and intelligent vehicle control. This includes using information technology to manage traffic congestion, lane changes or road detours. The convergence of technology encompasses information communications, environmental protection, energy conservation, and safety. To succeed in this emerging market, acquisition of core technologies and standards will be crucial to securing a strategic advantage. However, the integration of the IoV with other infrastructures (e.g. transportation, energy, health etc.) should be as important as the building of the IoV technologies themselves. The White Paper includes the concept of the Internet of Vehicles (Iov), opportunities for IoVs such as its market potential, its possibility of addressing safety, energy and environmental issues, challenges facing its development, and some recommendations to facilitate the development of IoV including APEC regional cooperation. Capacity building, particularly for developing economies, as well as encouraging private sector investment are key parts of the strategy. See White Paper on Internet Vehicles for more information.
Initiative on Toward Innovation-Driven Development
Led by China and reflected in the recent 2014 Beijing Declaration by APEC Leaders, this initiative is focused on promoting innovation-driven development through partnerships on collaborative innovation, pro-innovation policy environments and strengthening the link between innovation and economic growth. In order to promote innovation-driven development, key policy issues include encouraging entrepreneurship, emphasizing human resource development, and strengthening collaboration among government, academia and the private sector to build science capacity and commercialization.
2014 ASPIRE Prize
“ASPIRE” stands for the APEC Science Prize for Innovation, Research and Education, an annual award which recognizes young scientists who have demonstrated a commitment to excellence in scientific research. Each year, the APEC host economy provides a theme for the ASPIRE Prize. For its host year of 2014, China selected "Intelligent Transportation" as the ASPIRE theme. Dr Agachai Sumalee, a scientist at the Hong Kong Polytechnic University and King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology, Thailand, won the 2014 ASPIRE prize after successfully combining traffic-flow algorithms with highway sensors to create an intelligent transportation system that reduces traffic congestion. An award ceremony for Dr. Agachai Sumalee was held during the Fourth APEC PPSTI Meeting on 17 September 2014. For more information on Dr Sumalee’s ground-breaking technology, see recent APEC Bulletin article.
APEC Research and Technology (ART)
APEC R&D Management Training Program was launched in 1997 to enhance R&D capacity in the region by sharing experiences on R&D management among APEC member economies. The APEC Research & Technology Program focuses on identifying science, technology and innovation issues and formulating policy solutions. For example, workshops were held on developing policies to better link research to innovation and facilitate technology transfer that are tailored to each specific economy and their challenges. These challenges could be the brain drain of talent experienced by middle-income economies or lack of venture capital in more advanced economies. Strong basic science capabilities are no longer enough for commercialization. Effective policies focused on encouraging technology spinoffs through IP incentives. Korea provided an overview of the past ART workshops, policy responses and proposed new initiatives and the way forward for 2015. See presentation for more information.
APEC Biogas Technology and Engineering Workshop (China)
This project is conducted by Yunnan Academy of Scientific and Technical Information (YASTI) and is funded by APEC. A well-functioning biogas industry contributes to energy independence and environmental sustainability. Its waste treatment, energy, environmental and economic benefits make it an important clean and renewable energy source. In developing economies, biogas utilization has encountered setbacks like low system efficiency caused by short longevity, low energy output and high operation and maintenance costs. Developing economies in APEC need capacity building programs to accompany the development of the biogas industry and APEC plays a crucial role to efficiently facilitate them to get the technical assistance and experience from developed economies. This project has organized several workshops to address the technical and economic problems in the biogas industry through capacity building of practitioners, regulation makers and academics. The project organized the Biogas Utilization and Development Forum in August 2011 and in the APEC New and Renewable Energy Technology Development and Application Forum in July 2013. The project outcomes have resulted in trainees acquiring the technical skills to promote the effective use of biogas in their economies. See presentation for more information.
APEC Advanced Co-incubation Training Workshop
This project, self-funded by China, is aimed at removing barriers and promoting business incubators through building their capacity and enhancing service quality of managers of business incubators among APEC economies. Training focused on advancing the capabilities and skills of incubator managers, service providers and entrepreneurs in the APEC Advanced Co-Incubation Network. In addition, the project supported the development of small technology start-ups by improving access to business matching platforms and services. The workshop was held on 15-17 October 2014 in Xi’an, China.
Asia Pacific Center for Theoretical Physics (APCTP)
Since 1996 when it was inaugurated at the 2nd APEC Minister Conference on Regional Science and Technology cooperation in Korea, the Asia Pacific Center for Theoretical Physics (APCTP) has been providing leading research excellence in the field of theoretical physics, facilitating international collaborations and contributing to the advancement of physics by training young scientists in the region, The Center’s Junior Research Group and Young Scientist Training Program has trained 141 and 96 scientists respectively over the last six years. The Center has also featured 89 workshops and 113 topical research seminars over the last decade. See presentation for more information on the Center’s programs and accomplishments.
APEC Climate Center (APCC)
The APEC Climate Center (APCC), established in Korea in 2005, is a leading climate information service provider in the Asia-Pacific region. The APEC Climate Center (APCC) strives to strengthen scientific and technological cooperation across the APEC region in order to help economies and societies deal effectively with the consequences of current and future climate-related hazard through the provision of climate information, research and technical support and capacity building. The APEC Climate Symposium 2014 was hosted in Nanjing, China in October 2014.
The objectives of this symposium included:
- Enhancing the capability of member economies to accurately predict and monitor the development of extreme hydrological events through providing the latest innovations in climate prediction.
- Promoting collaboration and information-sharing on disaster preparedness between member economies.
- Bringing together a diverse network of stakeholders in the APEC region that are impacted by water-related hazards.
- Strengthening the framework for science-based decision-making by facilitating dialogue between climate researchers and end-users and addressing the challenges in disseminating policy-relevant climate information from scientists to stakeholders.
Development of Methodology and Analysis of STI Cooperation in APEC Region
Led by Russia, the on-going project aims to: (i) apply a measurement framework that would reflect development of cooperation between APEC economies in the sphere of science technology and innovation (STI); (ii) assess strength and weakness, and best practices within APEC STI cooperation; (iii) evaluate benefits gained from such cooperation; and (iv) achieve better coordination among APEC economies.
Policy Practice and Technology Applications- Experiences on Low Carbon Emission Operations
Led by Chinese Taipei, the workshop and training course on energy efficiency and low carbon emission operations was held in Taipei from 25-28 August. Involving best practices from manufacturing, commercial and residential sectors and field verification in Thailand, the aim of the workshop was to deliver policy suggestions and applicable models and promote collaboration within APEC economies on technology applications to reduce carbon emissions. The workshop gathered experts from 11 economies.
The next PPSTI meeting (PPSTI 5) will be held in Boracay Island, the Philippines from 12 – 14 May, 2015.
The 3rd Innovation Policy Dialogue (IPD), organized by Japan, was held on 21 August 2012 in Taipei, Chinese Taipei, under the theme “Responses to the Global Mobility of S&T Human Resources”. The dialogue included participants from the OECD and private sector organizations.
In the IPD discussions, participants recognized that human capital is the essence of innovation and stressed the importance of reinforcing policy measures to develop and secure human resources who are able to support science and technology innovation. The full conclusions of the dialogue are available in the summary report.
Under the ISTWG, the group held its 43rd meeting in Taipei, Chinese Taipei on 21-23 August 2012. At the meeting, the four ISTWG subgroups reviewed ongoing and new projects – they include:
Subgroup A, “Human Resource Development,” chaired by Korea
APEC Youth Science Festival
2012 APEC Research and Technology (ART) Program (Korea)
APEC S&T Mentoring Center for the Gifted in Science (Korea)
Seminar “Development of Engineering Professionals in APEC Economies” (Russia)
Education and Training to support Nuclear Power Program for APEC Economies (Malaysia)
Subgroup B, “International Science and Technology Network,” chaired by Chinese Taipei
APEC Workshop on Global Warming Gas (PFCs) Reduction for Electronics Industry (Chinese Taipei)
Low Carbon Intelligent Operations for Textile Industry in APEC Economies (Chinese Taipei)
Green Energy Demonstration System of Biological Technology for APEC (Chinese Taipei)
Promotion a multilateral research oriented at innovative growth of the APEC economies (Russia)
APEC Cooperative Forum on Internet of Vehicles (IoV) and its Application Implementation worldwide (China)
Subgroup C, “Connecting Research and Innovations,” chaired by the United States
APEC Network Building-Applied Space Technology Centers (Russia)
APEC Smart City Industrial Technology Cooperation Forum (China)
APEC Workshop on Innovative Service Chain Based on Information Technology (China)
Subgroup D, “Technological Cooperation and Strategic Planning,” chaired by China
Harnessing and Using Climate Information for Decision-making in Agriculture (Korea)
APEC Research Center for Typhoon and Society (Chinese Taipei)
APEC Virtual Center for Environmental Technology Exchange (APEC-VC) (Korea)
Climate Change Adaptation in the Asia-Pacific (United States)
APEC Center for Technology Foresight (Thailand)
Dr Nares DAMRONGCHAI (Mr)
APEC Center for Technology Foresight
319 Chamchuri Square Building, 14th Fl.
Phayathai Rd., Patumwan, Bangkok,
Tel: +66 2160 5432
Fax: +66 2160 5438
Joji KOIKE (Mr)