APEC collaboration on energy aims to help progress towards two specific aspirational goals announced APEC Ministers and Leaders:
- - to double the share of renewables in the APEC energy mix, including in power generation by 2030, as set out in the 2014 APEC Economic Leaders Declaration.
- - to reduce APEC’s aggregate energy intensity by 45% from 2005 levels by 2035, as set out in the 2011 APEC Economic Leaders’ Declaration.
Accounting for around 60 per cent of world energy demand, the APEC region includes four of the world's five largest energy users (China, the United States, Russia and Japan). In 2013, the region consumed over 8 000 Mtoe and was a net energy importer, importing over 650 Mtoe, 90% of which was oil (International Energy Agency (IEA) data).
According to the report APEC Energy Demand and Supply Outlook (6th Edition) produced by the Asia Pacific Energy Research Centre (APERC), by 2040, APEC members’ consumption of energy is forecast to increase by 35% above 2013 levels, highlighting the region’s ability to decouple energy demand from economic growth. However, in a business as usual approach over 80 per cent of APEC’s primary energy demand in 2040 is forecast to be met by fossil fuels, and carbon dioxide emissions from fuel combustion are expected to continue on an upward trend, rising 24 per cent over the period. Building on work already underway by APEC members, the report produced modelling for several alternative scenarios, with strengthened efforts to improve energy efficiency and accelerate deployment of renewable energy needed in order to meet the region’s energy goals.
These factors make energy cooperation an increasingly important agenda item for APEC. APEC’s Energy Working Group (EWG), launched in 1990, seeks to maximize the energy sector's contribution to the region's economic and social well-being, while mitigating the environmental effects of energy supply and use. The Energy Working Group’s work is guided by its current Strategic Plan (2014-2018). EWG’s mission is to build the capacity of APEC members to strengthen domestic and regional energy security and lower the carbon intensity of energy supply and use across the region, facilitated by information and data exchanges, joint research and development, and open trade and investment.
APEC energy cooperation is conducted under the framework of the Energy Security Initiative (ESI), which was first put forward by the EWG in 2000. The objective of the ESI is to prepare the region for potential energy supply disruptions and subsequent impacts on economic activities. The ESI covers a range of issues including: the Monthly Oil Data Initiative, maritime security, real-time emergency information sharing, oil supply emergency response, energy investment, natural gas trade, nuclear power, energy efficiency, renewable energy, hydrogen, methane hydrates, and clean fossil energy.
The EWG is assisted by four Expert Groups and two Task Forces:
- Clean Fossil Energy (EGCFE)
- Energy Data and Analysis (EGEDA)
- Energy Efficiency and Conservation (EGEEC)
- New and Renewable Energy Technologies (EGNRET)
- Low Carbon Model Town Task Force (LCMT-TF)
- Energy Resiliency Task Force (ER-TF).
Further information on the mandate and activities of the Energy Working Group and each of its sub-groups is available on the website links on this page.
EWG is further supported by two subsidiary research bodies, the Asia Pacific Energy Research Centre (APERC) and the APEC Sustainable Energy Centre (APSEC).
- The Asia Pacific Energy Research Centre (APERC) was established in July 1996 in Tokyo, as an affiliate of the Institute of Energy Economics, Japan (IEEJ), in accordance with the Action Agenda adopted by APEC Economic Leaders when they met in Osaka in November 1995. The primary objective of APERC is to foster understanding amongst APEC economies of global, regional and domestic energy demand and supply trends, energy infrastructure development, energy regulatory reform, and related policy issues to promote regional prosperity.
- The APEC Sustainable Energy Centre (APSEC) was established in 2015 at Tianjin University, China, following endorsement by APEC Economic Leaders in Beijing in 2014. APSEC aims to promote advanced ideas and models of sustainable energy development across the APEC region, and facilitate cooperation among member economies in information exchange, policy dialogue, technology R&D, demonstration and dissemination, and capacity building in the field of sustainable energy.
Noting that cooperation and partnership are essential to addressing energy security and environmental challenges, the EWG has further strengthened collaboration with other international energy fora on a broad range of issues, including maritime energy transport security, emergency preparedness, energy efficiency, and clean energy technology. The International Energy Agency (IEA), the International Copper Association (ICA) and the World Energy Council (WEC), as well as Mongolia, currently have guest status in the EWG. Many other organisations and stakeholders, such as the Collaborative Labelling and Appliance Standards Program (CLASP) and the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), are also working with APEC Expert Groups and projects on specific energy challenges.
Last page update: 15 Aug 2016
APEC Energy Ministers met in Cebu, The Philippines, on 13 October 2015 and issued the Cebu Declaration and Instructions. Ministers emphasised the importance of energy resiliency in the face of the effects of man-made and natural disasters and established a new Energy Working Group Task Force to take this work forward. Ministers also welcomed the new APEC Initiative for Enhancing the Quality of Electric Power Infrastructure taking into various factors into consideration including resilience to disasters, lifecycle costs and environmental impacts. Ministers also instructed officials to implement an APEC Green Energy Finance Initiative in support of the financial sustainability of renewable energy and energy efficiency development in the region. See this news release for more information.
At the latest meeting of the Energy Working Group (EWG51) held in Canberra, Australia in May 2016 members reviewed progress towards their goals and charted the way ahead for collaboration. They introduced a new network for city executives to share intelligence on efficiency and renewable energy policy development and adoption and created a parallel service network of companies and research bodies to support city-level energy sustainability initiatives in APEC. See this news release for more information.
Energy Working Group Project Process
In 2009 an APEC Sub-Fund for Energy Efficiency and Low-Carbon Measures was established with a contribution from the Government of Japan. This Sub-fund continues to support a wide range of energy-related technical capacity building projects supporting cooperation between APEC members. The general procedures for applying for APEC project funding are available here.
In addition to these general procedures, the Energy Working Group follows an Internal Project Assessment Process which supports the thorough review of all project applications at its meetings. Under this process the next Internal Submission Deadline for Energy Working Group is 19 September 2016 for projects applying for funding under Session 1, 2017. By this date applicants must submit their concept note to the relevant EWG Expert Group or Taskforce Chair.
EWG has a large number of projects covering technical cooperation and capacity building across a wide range of energy issues, in line with the Energy Working Group Strategic Plan. Most of these projects each produce an APEC Publication, so please look at the Publications tab for the latest reports. The Publications and Projects links on this webpage will take you to further information on specific EWG projects and collaborative activities.
Highlights of Selected Projects
In 2015, at the 50th meeting of the Energy Working Group, which was held in Hawaii and co-hosted by Japan and the United States, the APEC Energy Working Group Success Stories publication was released, highlighting some of the many successful activities the EWG has undertaken since its first meeting in 1990.
Below are specific highlights of some of the Energy Working Group’s activities.
Energy Smart Communities Initiative
The Energy Smart Communities Initiative (ESCI) was launched in November 2010 by the U.S. President Barack Obama and Japanese Prime Minister Naoto Kan within Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC). ESCI covers four main pillars—Smart Transport, Smart Buildings, Smart Grids, and Smart Jobs and Consumers—along with the cross-cutting examples of Low Carbon Model Towns.
One of the components of ESCI is the Knowledge Sharing Platform (KSP), a tool for collecting and sharing best practices for creating energy smart communities. The KSP is designed to aid in cataloging and sharing information and best practices that are developed for ESCI’s areas of focus. It presents an opportunity for researchers, scientists, academics and the general public to learn, engage and share the latest in sustainability and energy efficiency.
Low Carbon Model Towns
A series of APEC Low Carbon Model Town Projects have funded feasibility plans for reducing the carbon footprint in Tianjin, China (2011); Samui Island, Thailand (2012); Da Nang, Vietnam (2013); Bitung City, Indonesia (2014); and San Borja, Peru (2015). The feasibility plans include a set of carbon dioxide emission targets and initiatives from installing solar power to electric motorbikes that will reduce overall emissions. The towns are currently implementing their low carbon development plans to create green towns in the Asia-Pacific region. Mandaue City, the Philippines has been selected as the next town to receive the low carbon feasibility study and planning. In addition, the project is developing low carbon indicators to measure the progress of these green towns. For more information, see APEC Bulletin newsletter article.
APEC Peer Reviews on Energy Efficiency (PREE)
Peer Reviews on Energy Efficiency (PREE), is one mechanism assisting APEC economies achieve their regional goal of reducing energy intensity (energy per unit of GDP) by at least 45 percent by 2035. Each PREE Peer Review focuses on the energy efficiency policies of a single volunteer APEC member economy. The work is carried out by Review Team of experts from other member economies and international institutions. The Review Team visits the economy and interviews a range of people knowledgeable on energy efficiency issues, including representatives of government ministries, research institutes, industry associations, energy companies, electricity and gas market regulators, consumer associations, local government, and other relevant stakeholders. The PREE workstream identifies and provides technical support to members for implementation of PREE energy efficiency recommendations.
Energy Standards Information System (ESIS)
APEC ESIS provides up-to-date information about energy efficiency standards and labelling that apply to products in the APEC region. It allows policy agencies, standards and labelling practitioners, and producers and suppliers of products to see what standards are being developed or adopted in different economies for different products. As well as helping to promote regional energy efficiency, APEC ESIS contributes to regional harmonisation of standards and conformance procedures, which results in more rapid trade flows, reduced costs and greater integration of production networks. Collaborative Labelling and Appliance Standards Program (CLASP) maintains APEC ESIS on behalf of the APEC Expert Group on Energy Efficiency and Conservation (EGEEC).
Operation of APEC Energy Database and Analysis
The primary objective of this project is to improve energy policy decision-making in APEC member economies by improving the quality and availability of basic energy data. The project collects energy data and relevant information from member economies for an online APEC Energy Database and publishes the APEC Energy Statistics. The database will encompass energy demand and supply, energy prices, CO2 emissions, and socio-economic data. Based on the above work, “APEC Energy Statistics” and “APEC Energy Handbook” are published annually.
Joint Oil Data Initiative (JODI)
In 2001 the Joint Oil Data Initiative (JODI) was launched. This initiative is a collaborative oil information collection programme undertaken by APEC, the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), the International Energy Agency (IEA), the International Energy Forum, and the United Nations Environment Programme. The JODI database has been helpful for oil and gas producers, consumers, researchers and analysts.
Dr. Jyuung-Shiauu Chern
Lead Shepherd, Energy Working Group
Chief of Energy Affairs
Bureau of Energy
Ministry of Economic Affairs, Chinese Taipei
Penelope Howarth (Ms)